In October 2020, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres recorded an agreement between Turkey and Libya on the delimitation of maritime jurisdictions in the Mediterranean. The agreement “has been registered with the secretariat in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations,” the registration certificate states.   Two months earlier (August 2020), Greece and Egypt had signed another maritime agreement delimiting an exclusive economic zone for oil and gas drilling rights to counter the agreement between Turkey and Libya.  The dispute has left Ankara looking for allies in the region. The new agreements were signed wednesday during a meeting between Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan and Fayez al-Serraj, the Tripoli-based head of government who supports Ankara against a rival military power based in eastern Libya. The agreement attempts to rewrite the exclusive economic zones of the Mediterranean and give Turkey significant control over transnational gas exploration and the construction of gas pipelines. There are no such far-reaching agreements between the coastal states of the Eastern Mediterranean. The Greek Cypriot administration of southern Cyprus considers itself the exclusive authority over the island, while Greece, Libya, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Israel have declared all EEZs in the eastern Mediterranean. However, it is important to note that the EEZ agreements between the EU and the US-backed Greek Cypriot duo and coastal states have no legitimacy due to the illegality of the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum, which does not respect the rights of Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) protected by international law. Greek Prime Minister Mitsotakis hopes to gain the support of the White House during his visit to the United States and strengthen his position on the EEZ delimitation agreement between Egypt and Greece.
The EU assured that it would stand with the Greek Cypriot duo on this issue, called on Turkey to act in accordance with the European Neighbourhood Policy and stressed that the text of the treaty should be published. . . .